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India’s First Hydrogen Fuel Electric Car Toyota Mirai Launched: Top Facts

Hydrogen fuel cell electric car Toyota Mirai in India

MINI: World’s most advanced FCEV, Toyota Mirai was launched in India as a part of the pilot project to study and evaluate Hydrogen Fuel Celled Electric Vehicles on Indian roads. Hydrogen FCEVs can be a greener alternative to battery EVs, considering the lower carbon footprint and massive range. 

Headlines:

  • Hydrogen Fuel Cell EVs work by breaking hydrogen into electricity to power the vehicle.
  • FCEVs are efficient and time saving alternative to battery electric vehicles.
  • Toyota Mirai offers range of driving range 600 km per full charge

Union Ministers for Road Transport and Highway, Nitin Gadkari launched India’s first of its kind advanced Hydrogen fuel cell-powered electric vehicle (FCEV), Toyota Mirai, in New Delhi on 16th of March 2022.

The launch was aimed at creating general awareness about hydrogen FCEVs and providing a greener alternative to BEVs in India.

The introduction of India’s first Hydrogen powered electric vehicle, Toyota Mirai is a part of a pilot project by the International Centre Automotive Technology(ICAT) along with Toyota Kirloskar Motors Pvt. Ltd. to study the Hydrogen FCEV on the Indian roads and climatic conditions. 

Union Transport Minister, Nitin Gadkari stated that the introduction of the pilot project is likely to create awareness and adoption of hydrogen-powered EVs in India.

Toyota Mirai hydrogen fuel cell electric car in India
Toyota Mirai offered a trail range of 1350 km over 3 days with 5.56 kgs of hydrogen

The project will demonstrate the utilization of green hydrogen in creating FCEV technology for clean and greener alternatives to BEVs in India.

The minister also indicated the Hydrogen FCEVs to be the best low carbon-footprint solutions in creating vehicles that are sustainable,  producing water as the only emission.

Unlike the emissions generated during Lithium-ion cells production for BEVs, green hydrogen can be generated from renewable sources of energy and biomass. 

Toyota Mirai: Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles

working of an hydrogen fuel cell electric car
Hydrogen Fuel Cell electric car: Toyota Mirai’s working

Powered by a Hydrogen Fuel Cell Battery pack, Totoya Mirai offers an excellent driving range of 600 km per full charge. Powered by hydrogen, the FCEVs work by breaking hydrogen into electricity to power the electric vehicle with no emissions other than water.

Hydrogen-powered FCEVs are more efficient than ICE cars in terms of emissions, and BEVs with respect to the time required for charging. 

In a test run conducted for three days, the Toyota Mirai covered a range of 1360 km with 5.6 kgs of Hydrogen.

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Toyota Mirai comes with three cylinders for storing hydrogen, and the vehicle generates electricity by combining hydrogen with atmospheric oxygen to power the vehicle. 

With maximum power and torque output of 172 bhp and 300 nm respectively, Toyota Mirai sprints from 0-100 in less than 9 seconds. 

Transport Minister, Nitin Gadkari said that he would start using the Toyota Mirai himself, provided the hydrogen will be supplied by IOCL to the Vehicle. 

Mr. Gadkari is highly optimistic that this project will help the government to discover the sureness of Hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles to be used as an alternative to ICE vehicles and Li-Ion battery-powered EVs.

In some developed countries, the increased adoption of BEVs has led many automotive giants like Toyota and Nikola to double down on Hydrogen FCEVs, positioning them as alternatives to popular zero-emission counterparts like the Li-Ion power electric vehicles. 

India has also taken part in the venture and launched a new breed of electric vehicle, Toyota Mirai, powered by the Hydrogen fuel cell to utilize the potential of hydrogen in playing a key role to make India ‘Energy Self Reliant’ by 2047.

What is a hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicle?

Hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicle is an advanced fuel cell vehicle that converts hydrogen into electricity by utilizing atmospheric oxygen to power the vehicle.

How does hydrogen fuel cell electric car work?

Hydrogen fuel cell electric cars work by reaction of hydrogen with oxygen to generate electricity which powers the vehicle. Hydrogen is contained in onboard cylinders, while oxygen flows through the front grill.

Do hydrogen-electric cars have batteries?

Depending on the model, some hydrogen fuel cell electric cars have batteries for the last-minute energy storage to power vehicle lights and other features.

Are hydrogen cars greener than electric cars?

Yes, hydrogen cars are greener than electric cars as hydrogen cars have a low carbon footprint rather than water, compared to the emission during the production of batteries for electric cars.

Sima Sharma

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